Oak, English

The English Oak, the majesty of the woods, is a broadleaved deciduous tree, that can grow to a height of 40m, and may live for 1,000 years.

This species grows and matures to form a broad and spreading crown with sturdy branches beneath.

 

Photo supplied by: Alan Payne

Common Name:
English Oak

Scentific Name:
Quercus robur

Tree No:
163a

Location:
H2

The leaves are round 10cm long with 4–5 deep lobes with smooth edges. Leaf-burst occurs mid-May and the leaves have almost no stem and grow in bunches.

Credit: This could be your image

 

 

Long, yellow hanging catkins which distribute pollen into the air.

Credit: This could be your image

 

The fruit is an acorn. The acorns are 2–2.5cm long, on long stalks and in cupules (the cup-shaped base of the acorn). As it ripens, the green acorn turns brown, loosens from the cupule and falls to the canopy below, sprouting the following spring.

Credit: This could be your image

English Oak is native to the UK. It is especially common in deciduous woods in southern and central Britain. In fact, it’s so frequent that it has assumed the status of a national emblem.

Oak forests support more life forms than any other native forest. They are host to hundreds of insect species, supplying many birds with an important food source. In autumn, mammals such as squirrels, badgers and deer feed on acorns.

Flower and leaf buds of English oak are the food plants of the caterpillars of butterflies.

The soft leaves of English oaks break down with ease in autumn and form a rich leaf mould beneath the tree, supporting invertebrates such as the stag beetle, and fungi, like the oak bug milk cap. Holes and crevices in the tree bark are perfect nesting spots for the pied flycatcher, redstart or marsh tit.

Bats also roost in old woodpecker holes or under loose bark, as well as feeding on the rich supply of insects in the tree canopy.

Oaks produce one of the hardest and most durable timbers on the planet. However, it takes up to 150 years before an oak is ready to use in construction. It has been a prized hardwood timber for thousands of years and is still used for wood framed buildings, doors, flooring, and furniture, as well as wine and sheery barrels, which are subsequently used for aging whisky.

An ancient example of Oak framed buildings can be seen at Cressing Temple Barns, where the Oak framed barns were built in the 13th century.

Ash, Elm and Oak, were used in the manufacture of cart wheels.
Oak is used for the spokes, because it doesn’t bend, compress or flex and transfers any load pressures directly from the felloes (rim) to the nave (hub).

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Braintree & Bocking Public Gardens,
43 Bocking End,
Braintree,
CM7 9AE.

Open 9:00 to 4:00pm – January, February.
Open 9:00 to 6:00pm – March.
Open 9:00 to 7:00pm – April.
Open 9:00 to 8:00pm – May, June, July, August.
Open 9:00 to 7:00pm – September.
Open 9:00 to 6:00pm – October.
Open 9:00 to 4:00pm – November December.

Note – The gates are locked at dusk.
Dusk is subject to seasonal variation, so closing times may not be exactly to the schedule, at the transitions.

No dogs allowed in the gardens.
No alcohol to be consumed in the gardens.
No riding of cycles or scooters in the gardens.

General Enquiries
Phone: 01376 773066
Email: info@braintreeandbockinggardens.co.uk

Tennis Enquiries
Phone: 01376 773070
Email: tennis@braintreeandbockinggardens.co.uk

© Braintree & Bocking Public Gardens Trust 2017-2021. All Rights Reserved.

Registered Charity Number 212989

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Braintree and Bocking Public Gardens

Braintree and Bocking Public Gardens

We provide, maintain and preserve these unique and beautiful gardens as a community green space.

Today we remember the heroes who fought for our freedom on D-Day. Their name liveth for evermore.Lest we forget. True Heros who should never be forgotten.#DDay#DDay80 ... See MoreSee Less
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🎺🥁🎻🎼 Don’t forget our “Brass in the Park” Concert’s return to the gardens throughout the summer 🎼🎻🥁🎺The band will play on the following Sundays, 3pm - 5pm, with short intervals:Sunday, 23rd of June 2024Sunday, 28th of July 2024Sunday, 25th of August 2024The Gardens are open to the public, this is a free event, just come on in. Invite your family, enjoy the scenery and sit back to enjoy the marvellous sounds of Bocking Concert Brass - BCBWhy not visit the Coffee House in the Gardens (closes at 4pm) for a delicious lunch or bring a picnic, refreshments are also available.(Donations in a pot would be gratefully received to help the band support the Gardens 🤗) ... See MoreSee Less
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1 week ago

Thank you for being a top engager and making it on to our weekly engagement list! 🎉 We appreciate the support. 🙏🏼🥰Pamela Jones, Chloe Akbiyik, Tracey Pretty, John Wishart, Jana Kislikova Williams, Lesley Goddard, Craig Stark, Tracy McCormack, Tracey Mark, Robyn Poulter C J Yates Construction Ltd Festival in the Gardens Lets knot BAND THEFT AUDIO Beans on Toast The Beavers @top fans ... See MoreSee Less
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😎🏰🛝🥳The Little Legs Festival is BACK for 2024! Wednesday 12th, Thursday 13th and Friday 14th June. 😎🏰🛝🥳3 Days of Fun for Pre-School Children Aged 0-5 years.Ticket price includes access for one day, to all the Little Legs Festival activities which will include:• Inflatables• Sandpit• Mini Fairground• Petting Zoo• Mr Timmy Tickle• Billy Banana • Baby Sensory• Children’s Entertainment • Face Painting• Jo Jingles Musical Group• Character Meet & GreetAnd much more! We can’t wait to see you all. 9.30am - 3pm. £6.00 per day entry ticket. Under 1’s are free!Tickets available online:www.littlelegsfestival.com/ticketsDay of entry to be selected at time of ticket purchase. ... See MoreSee Less
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We’d like to share with you a Thank You from the Festival in the Gardens “Dream Team” Rachel, Elliot and Warren. 💪🏼🥳🪩🥰I’m sure you’ll all agree that they deserve the biggest thank you from us all, for organising yet another amazing event. ... See MoreSee Less
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