Horse Chestnut

The Horse Chestnut, with its shiny mahogany conkers, is a broadleaved deciduous tree, that can grow to a height of 40m, and may live for 300 years.

The bark is smooth and pink-grey when young, which darkens and develops scaly plates with age. Twigs are hairless and stout, and the buds are oval, dark red, shiny and sticky.

 

Photo supplied by: Your name could be here

Common Name:
Horse Chestnut

Scentific Name:
Aesculus hippocastanum

Tree No:
153

Location:
J6

The leaves comprise 5–7 pointed, toothed leaflets spreading from a central stem..

Credit: This could be your image

 

 

Appearing in May, individual flowers have 4–5 fringed petals, which are white with a pink flush at the base.

Credit: This could be your image

 

Once pollinated by insects, each flower develops into a glossy red-brown conker inside a spiky green husk, which fall in autumn.

Credit: This could be your image

Horse chestnut is native to the Balkan Peninsula. It was first introduced to the UK from Turkey in the late 16th century and widely planted. Though rarely found in woodland, it is a common sight in parks, gardens, streets and on village greens.

The flowers provide a rich source of nectar and pollen for insects, particularly bees. Caterpillars of moths feed on its leaves. Deer and other mammals eat the conkers.

Its timber is of little value. Horse chestnut timber is a pale creamy-white to light brown, with a smooth, soft, fine texture. It’s not very strong and is therefore not used commercially, but its soft texture makes it ideal for carving.

The most famous use of horse chestnut is in the game of conkers. The first record of the game is from the Isle of Wight in 1848.

In both world wars the government asked children to collect conkers as a supply of starch in the manufacture of cordite, an important explosive in rifle bullets and artillery, but it was not a success.

Tree Listings

Golden Irish Yew

Yew, Golden Irish The Golden Irish Yew, is an evergreen conifer, that can grow to a height of 7m, and may live for over 2,000 years, although 1,500 years may be more typical. The bark is brown-grey with purple tones, and it peels. This tree was planted for the...

read more

Goat Willow

Willow, Goat The Goat Willow, also known as the pussy willow, is a broadleaved deciduous tree, that can grow to a height of 10m, and may live for 300 years. The bark is grey-brown and develops diamond-shaped fissures with age. Twigs are hairy at first but become...

read more

Whitebeam

Whitebeam The Whitebeam, is a charming broadleaved deciduous tree, that can grow to a height of 15m, and may live for 200 years. They're compact and domed. The bark and twigs are grey, and the shoots are brick red in sunlight but greyish-green in shade. This tree was...

read more

Black Walnut

Walnut, Black The Walnut, is a broadleaved deciduous tree, that can grow to a height of 35m, and may live for 200 years. They typically have a short trunk and broad crown, though can be narrower if grown in a woodland situation. The bark is smooth and olive-brown when...

read more

Sycamore

Sycamore Tree The Sycamore Tree, is a large broadleaved deciduous tree, that can grow to a height of 35m, and may live for 400 years. The bark is dark pink-grey, and smooth when young, but becomes cracked and develops small plates with age. Twigs are pink-brown and...

read more

Snowy Mespil

Snowy Mespil The Snowy Mespil, is small deciduous tree, that can grow to a height of 7m, and may live for 60 years. This tree was planted in 1995 By Mrs M. Pocock in memory of her husband.  Photo supplied by: Alan PayneCommon Name:Snowy Mespil Scentific...

read more

Rowan Tree

Rowan Tree The Rowan Tree, is an elegant broadleaved deciduous tree, that can grow to a height of 15m, and may live for 200 years. The bark is smooth and silvery grey, and leaf buds are purple and hairy.  Photo supplied by: Alan PayneCommon Name:Rowan Tree...

read more

Rowan Tree

Rowan Tree The Rowan Tree, is an elegant broadleaved deciduous tree, that can grow to a height of 15m, and may live for 200 years. The bark is smooth and silvery grey, and leaf buds are purple and hairy.  Photo supplied by: Alan PayneCommon Name:Rowan Tree...

read more

Wollemi Pine

Pine, Wollemi Content to follow.  Photo supplied by: Alan PayneCommon Name:Wollemi Pine Scentific Name:Wollemia nobilis Tree No:190 Location:D7Content to follow. Credit: This could be your image    Content to follow. Credit: This could be your image...

read more

Scotch Pine

Pine, Scots The Scots Pine (UK), Scotch Pine (US), is a truly stunning evergreen conifer, that can grow to a height of 35m, and may live for 700 years. A tall straight pine tree. The scaly bark is istinctive orange-brown, which develops plates and fissures with age....

read more

Red Oak

Oak, Red The Red Oak, is a fast growing broadleaved deciduous tree, that can grow to a height of 25m, and may live for 500 years, although 300 years may be more typical. The bark is smooth and silver-grey when young, and develops warts or ridges with age. Twigs are...

read more

Lucombe Oak

Oak, Lucombe The Lucombe Oak, is a large spreading semi-evergreen tree, that can grow to a height of over 20m, and may live for 240 years. The bark is thick and corky and is fire resistant. Branches on older trees can be quite chunky. The buds are brownish, ovate...

read more

Braintree & Bocking Public Gardens,
43 Bocking End,
Braintree,
CM7 9AE.

Open 9:00 to 4:00pm – January, February.
Open 9:00 to 6:00pm – March.
Open 9:00 to 7:00pm – April.
Open 9:00 to 8:00pm – May, June, July, August.
Open 9:00 to 7:00pm – September.
Open 9:00 to 6:00pm – October.
Open 9:00 to 4:00pm – November December.

Note – The gates are locked at dusk.
Dusk is subject to seasonal variation, so closing times may not be exactly to the schedule, at the transitions.

No dogs allowed in the gardens.
No alcohol to be consumed in the gardens.
No riding of cycles or scooters in the gardens.

General Enquiries
Phone: 01376 773066
Email: info@braintreeandbockinggardens.co.uk

Tennis Enquiries
Phone: 01376 773070
Email: tennis@braintreeandbockinggardens.co.uk

© Braintree & Bocking Public Gardens Trust 2017-2021. All Rights Reserved.

Registered Charity Number 212989

Get in touch

1 + 8 =

Cover for Braintree and Bocking Public Gardens
5,490
Braintree and Bocking Public Gardens

Braintree and Bocking Public Gardens

We provide, maintain and preserve these unique and beautiful gardens as a community green space.

Today we remember the heroes who fought for our freedom on D-Day. Their name liveth for evermore.Lest we forget. True Heros who should never be forgotten.#DDay#DDay80 ... See MoreSee Less
View on Facebook
🎺🥁🎻🎼 Don’t forget our “Brass in the Park” Concert’s return to the gardens throughout the summer 🎼🎻🥁🎺The band will play on the following Sundays, 3pm - 5pm, with short intervals:Sunday, 23rd of June 2024Sunday, 28th of July 2024Sunday, 25th of August 2024The Gardens are open to the public, this is a free event, just come on in. Invite your family, enjoy the scenery and sit back to enjoy the marvellous sounds of Bocking Concert Brass - BCBWhy not visit the Coffee House in the Gardens (closes at 4pm) for a delicious lunch or bring a picnic, refreshments are also available.(Donations in a pot would be gratefully received to help the band support the Gardens 🤗) ... See MoreSee Less
View on Facebook

1 week ago

Thank you for being a top engager and making it on to our weekly engagement list! 🎉 We appreciate the support. 🙏🏼🥰Pamela Jones, Chloe Akbiyik, Tracey Pretty, John Wishart, Jana Kislikova Williams, Lesley Goddard, Craig Stark, Tracy McCormack, Tracey Mark, Robyn Poulter C J Yates Construction Ltd Festival in the Gardens Lets knot BAND THEFT AUDIO Beans on Toast The Beavers @top fans ... See MoreSee Less
View on Facebook
😎🏰🛝🥳The Little Legs Festival is BACK for 2024! Wednesday 12th, Thursday 13th and Friday 14th June. 😎🏰🛝🥳3 Days of Fun for Pre-School Children Aged 0-5 years.Ticket price includes access for one day, to all the Little Legs Festival activities which will include:• Inflatables• Sandpit• Mini Fairground• Petting Zoo• Mr Timmy Tickle• Billy Banana • Baby Sensory• Children’s Entertainment • Face Painting• Jo Jingles Musical Group• Character Meet & GreetAnd much more! We can’t wait to see you all. 9.30am - 3pm. £6.00 per day entry ticket. Under 1’s are free!Tickets available online:www.littlelegsfestival.com/ticketsDay of entry to be selected at time of ticket purchase. ... See MoreSee Less
View on Facebook
We’d like to share with you a Thank You from the Festival in the Gardens “Dream Team” Rachel, Elliot and Warren. 💪🏼🥳🪩🥰I’m sure you’ll all agree that they deserve the biggest thank you from us all, for organising yet another amazing event. ... See MoreSee Less
View on Facebook